There are a lot of different types of headaches. Up to a 150 different categories have been established today. The most common types of headaches are: Sinus Headaches Sinus headaches are associated with a deep and constant pain in the cheekbones, forehead, or bridge of the nose. The pain usually intensifies with sudden head movement or straining and usually occurs with other sinus symptoms, such as nasal discharge, feeling of fullness in the ears, fever, and facial swelling. Migraines The causes of migraines are unknown. A theory is that various some stimuli cause abnormal brain activity, which in turn causes changes in the blood vessels in the brain. This is called the neurovascular theory. Migraine pain varies from moderate to extremely painful, often described as pounding, throbbing pain. Migraine headaches usually last from hours to three days and only occurs one to four times per month. Migraines are associated with symptoms such as sensitivity to light, noise, or odors; nausea or vomiting; loss of appetite; and stomach upset or abdominal pain.
When a child is having a migraine, he or she often looks pale, feels dizzy, has blurred vision, fever, stomach upset, along with the symptoms listed above. Tension Headaches Also called chronic daily headaches or chronic non-progressive headaches, tension headaches are the most common type of headaches among adults and adolescents. These muscle contraction headaches cause mild to moderate pain and come and go over a prolonged period of time. Cluster Headaches The least common although the most severe type of primary headache is the Cluster Headache. It is often intense and may be described as having a sharp or burning quality that is throbbing or constant. The pain is so severe that most cluster headache sufferers cannot sit still and will often pace during an attack. The pain is located behind one eye or in the eye region, without changing sides. The term “cluster headache” refers to headaches that have a characteristic grouping of attacks. Cluster headaches occur one to three times per day during a cluster period, which may last two weeks to three months. The headaches may disappear completely for months or years, only to recur. Mixed Headache Syndrome Also called transformed migraines, mixed headache syndrome is a combination of both migraine and tension headaches. Both adults and children experience this type of headache.